Article III

BOARD OF DIRECTORS

Section 1. Number and Qualification. The affairs of the Unit Owners Association shall be governed by a Board of Directors. During the Declarant Control Period, the Board of Directors shall consist of such persons as may be designated by the Declarant; provided, however, that the foregoing power of designation shall not extend beyond the maximum time permitted by Section 55-79.74(a) of the Condominium Act. The Board of Directors shall be composed of three (3) persons, all of whom shall be Unit Owners or spouses of Unit Owners, Mortgagees (or designees of Mortgagees) or designees of the Declarant; provided, however, that, anything in these Bylaws to the contrary notwithstanding, during the Declarant Control Period, the Board of Directors shall consist of at least three (3) members, all of whom shall be designated by the Declarant. The Declarant shall have the right in its sole discretion to replace such Directors as may be so designated, and to designate their successors.

Section 2. Powers and Duties. The Board of Directors shall have all of the powers and duties necessary for the administration of the affairs of the Unit Owners Association and may do all such acts and things as are not by the Condominium Act, the Declaration or by these Bylaws required to be exercised and done by the Unit Owners Association. The Board of Directors shall represent the Unit Owners Association with respect to the provisions of the Declaration of Covenants, Conditions and Restrictions of Hunter’s Branch Residential Association. The Board of Directors shall have the power from time to time to adopt any Rules and Regulations deemed necessary for the benefit and enjoyment of the Condominium; provided, however, that such Rules and Regulations shall not be in conflict with the Condominium Act, the Declaration or these Bylaws. The Board of Directors shall delegate to one of its members or to a person employed for such purpose the authority to act on behalf of the Board of Directors on such matters relating to the duties of the Managing Agent (as defined in Section 3 of this Article), if any, which may arise between meetings of the Board of Directors as the Board of Directors deems appropriate. In addition to the duties imposed by these Bylaws or by any resolution of the Unit Owners Association that may hereafter be adopted, the Board of Directors shall on behalf of the Unit Owners Association:

(a) Prepare an annual budget, in which shall be established the assessments of each Unit Owner for the Common Expenses.
(b) Make assessments against Unit Owners to defray the cost and expenses of the Condominium, establish the means and methods of collecting such assessments from the Unit Owners and establish the period of the installment payment of the annual assessment for Common Expenses. Unless otherwise determined by the Board of Directors, the annual assessment against each Unit Owner for his proportionate share of the Common Expenses shall be payable in equal monthly installments, each such installment to be due and payable in advance on the first day of each month for such month.
(c) Provide for the operation, care, upkeep and maintenance of all of the Property and services of the Condominium.
(d) Designate, hire and dismiss the personnel necessary for the maintenance, operation, repair and replacement of the Common Elements and provide services for the property and, where appropriate, provide for the compensation of such personnel and for the purchase of equipment, supplies and material to be used by such personnel in the performance of their duties, which supplies and equipment shall be deemed part of the Property.
(e) Collect the assessments against the Unit Owners, deposit the proceeds thereof in bank depositories designated by the Board of Directors and use the proceeds to carry out the administration of the Property.
(f) Make and amend the Rules and Regulations.
(g) Open bank accounts on behalf of the Unit Owners Association and designate the signatories thereon.
(h) Make, or contract for the making of, repairs, additions and improvements to or alterations of the Property and repairs to and restoration of the Property, in accordance with these Bylaws, after damage or destruction by fire or other casualty, or as a result of condemnation or eminent domain proceedings.
(i) Enforce by legal means the provisions of the Declaration, these Bylaws and the Rules and Regulations and act on behalf of the Unit Owners with respect to all matters arising out of any eminent domain proceeding.
(j) Obtain and carry insurance against casualties and liabilities, as provided in Article VII of these Bylaws, pay the premiums therefore and adjust and settle any claims thereunder.
(k) Pay the cost of all authorized services rendered to the Unit Owners Association and not billed to Unit Owners of individual Units or otherwise provided for in Article VI of these Bylaws.
(I) Keep books with detailed accounts in chronological order of the receipts and expenditures affecting the Property, and the administration of the Condominium, specifying the expenses of maintenance and repair of the Common Elements and any other expenses incurred. Such books and vouchers accrediting the entries thereupon shall be available for examination by the Unit Owners, their duly authorized agents or attorneys, during general business hours on working days at the times and in the manner set and announced by the Board of Directors for the general knowledge of the Unit Owners. All books and records shall be kept in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and the same shall be audited at least once each year by an independent accountant retained by the Board of Directors who shall not be resident of the Condominium or a Unit Owner. The cost of such audit shall be a Common Expense.
(m) Notify a Mortgagee of any default hereunder by the Unit Owner of the Unit subject to such Mortgage, in the event such default continues for a period exceeding thirty (30) days.
(n) Borrow money on behalf of the Condominium when required in connection with any instances relating to the operation, care, upkeep and maintenance of the Common Elements, provided, however, that the consent of at least two-thirds (2/3) in number of those Unit Owners attending the meeting, obtained by either a mail ballot or at a meeting duly called and held for such purpose in accordance with the provisions of these Bylaws, shall be required to borrow any sum in excess of Seventy-Five Thousand Dollars ($75,000.00). . If any sum borrowed by the Board of Directors on behalf of the Condominium pursuant to the authority contained in this subparagraph (n) is not repaid by the Unit Owners Association, a Unit Owner who pays to the creditor such proportion thereof as his Common Element Interest bears to the total of Common Element Interests in the Condominium shall be entitled to obtain from the creditor a release of any judgment or other lien which such creditor shall have filed or shall have the right to file against such Unit Owner’s Condominium Unit.
(o) Acquire, hold and dispose of Condominium Units and mortgage the same if such expenditures and hypothecations are included in the budget adopted by the Unit Owners Association.
(p) In its sole discretion, designate from time to time certain Common Elements as “Reserved Common Elements” and impose such restrictions and conditions on the use thereof as the Board of Directors deem appropriate.
(q) Furnish the statement required by Section 55-79.97 of the Condominium Act, within the time required by the Condominium Act, after the receipt of a written request therefore from any Unit Owner.
(r) Do such other things and acts not inconsistent with the Condominium Act, the Declaration or these Bylaws which the Board of Directors may be authorized to do by a resolution of the Unit Owners Association.
(s) Negotiate and adjust with any contractor, subcontractor or Declarant any warranty claims on any Common Element made by or on behalf of any Unit Owner or the Unit Owners’ Association.

Section 3. Limitations on Board of Directors. Notwithstanding any other provision of the Declaration or these Bylaws, after the date that the Declarant Control Period has ended, the following limitations on the actions of the Board of Directors shall apply:
(1) any controversy or claim arising out of or relating in any way to the development or construction of the Condominium, including Common Elements, shall be settled by arbitration in accordance with the Virginia Uniform Arbitration Act (Section 8.01-581.01, Code of Virginia, 1950 as amended); and
(2) the Board may not file any claim described in paragraph (1) above on behalf of the Association without first obtaining from a lawyer or other legal consultant a detailed cost-benefit analysis relating to such claim (which cost-benefit analysis must include at least the following: (A) the nature and extent of the claim and the prospects of winning or losing the claim, (B) the prospects of settling the dispute early, (C) the cost of prosecuting the claim, and (D) the effect of pending litigation on resales and on home refinancings in the Condominium. After distributing such cost-benefit analysis to all Unit Owners, unless expiration of any applicable statute of limitations is imminent, the Board shall obtain approval to file such claim from a majority of Unit Owners present at a regularly scheduled or Special Meeting at which a quorum is present pursuant to Article II Section 4 hereof. The Board shall also attempt to meet with a potential defendant in order to investigate the possibility of any early settlement of the lawsuit or claim; and give the potential defendant notice of the claim or the potential litigation and a reasonable opportunity to cure the problem before the claim is filed.

Section 4. Managing Agent. The Board of Directors shall employ for the Condominium a “Managing Agent” at a compensation established by the Board of Directors.
(a) Requirements. The Managing Agent shall be a bona fide business enterprise, which may be affiliated with the Declarant, which manages common interest residential communities. Such firm shall have a minimum of two (2) years experience in real estate community management.
(b) Duties. The Managing Agent shall perform such duties and services as the Board of Directors shall authorize, including, but not limited to, the duties listed in subparagraphs (a), (c), (d), (e), (h), (i), (j), (k), (I), (m), (q), and (r) of Section 2 of this Article III. The Board of Directors may delegate to the Managing Agent all of the powers granted to the Board of Directors by these Bylaws other than the powers set forth in subparagraphs (b). (f), (g), (n), (o), (p) and (s) of Section 2 of this Article III. The Managing Agent shall perform the obligations, duties and services relating to management of the property, the rights of Mortgagees and the maintenance of reserve funds in compliance with the provisions of these Bylaws.
(c) Standards. The Board of Directors shall impose appropriate standards of performance upon the Managing Agent. Unless the Managing Agent is instructed otherwise by the Board of Directors, the Managing Agent shall comply with the following standards:
(1) the cash or accrual method of accounting as defined by generally accepted accounting principles shall be employed.
(2) two (2) or more persons shall be responsible for handling cash to maintain adequate financial control procedures.
(3) cash accounts of the Unit Owners Association shall not be commingled with any other accounts;
(4) no remuneration shall be accepted by the Managing Agent from vendors, independent contractors or others providing goods or services to the Unit Owners Association ;

(5) any financial or other interest which the Managing Agent may have in any firm providing goods or services to the Unit Owners Association shall be disclosed promptly to the Board of Directors; and
(6) a monthly financial report shall be prepared for the Unit Owners Association disclosing:

monthly,

(A)     all receipts and disbursements activity for the preceding (budget) format; and
(B)     the status of all accounts in an “actual” versus “projected”
(C)     any actual or pending obligations which are in excess of budgeted amounts by an amount exceeding the operating reserves or ten percent of a major budget category (as distinct from a specific line item in an expanded chart of accounts).
(d) Limitations. Subject to the provisions of Section 55-79.74(b) of the Condominium Act, during the period when persons designated by the Declarant constitute a majority of the Board of Directors, the Board of Directors may employ a Managing Agent for an initial term not to exceed one (1) year. The Unit Owners Association and the Board of Directors shall not undertake “self-management” or fail to employ a Managing Agent without the consent of a majority vote and the written consent of Mortgagees together holding sixty-six and two-thirds percent (66-2/3%) of the mortgages on the Condominium Units. Any contract with the Managing Agent must provide that it may be terminated, without payment of a termination fee, without cause on no more than ninety (90) days written notice and with cause on no more than thirty (30) days written notice, and the term of such contract or agreement may not exceed one (1) year during the Declarant Control Period.

Section 5. Election and Term of Office. At the first annual meeting of the Unit Owners Association after the Declarant Control Period has ended, the term of office of one (1) member of the Board of Directors shall be fixed at three (3) years, the term of office of one (1) member of the Board of Directors shall be fixed at two (2) years and the term of office of the remaining member of the Board of Directors shall be fixed at one (1) year. At the expiration of the initial term of office of each member of the initial Board of Directors elected at the first annual meeting, a successor shall be elected by the Unit Owners Association to serve for a term of three years. The members of the Board of Directors shall hold office until their respective successors shall have been elected by the Unit Owners Association and have held their first meeting.

Section 6. Removal of Members of the Board of Directors. Except with respect to Directors designated by Declarant, at any regular or special meeting of the Unit Owners Association duly called, (but only at or after the first annual meeting), any one or more of the Board of Directors may be removed with or without cause by a majority of the Unit Owners attending such meeting in person or by proxy. A successor may then and there be elected to fill the vacancy thus created. Any director whose removal has been proposed by the Unit Owners shall be given at least ten (10) days’ notice of the calling of the meeting and the purpose thereof and he shall be given an opportunity to be heard at the meeting.

Section 7. Vacancies. Vacancies in the Board of Directors caused by any reason other than the removal of a director by a vote of the Unit Owners Association shall be filled by a vote of a majority of the remaining Directors at a special meeting of the Board of Directors held for such purpose promptly after the occurrence of any such vacancy. Each person so elected shall be a member of the Board of Directors for the remainder of the term of the member being replaced and until a successor shall be elected at the next annual meeting of the Unit Owners Association. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary .in this Section or in the preceding Section 5, during the Declarant Control Period, the Declarant shall designate the successor to any resigned or removed member previously designated by the Declarant.

Sections 8. Organization Meeting. The date of the first meeting of the members of the Board of Directors elected at the annual meeting of the Unit Owners Association shall be determined by the Board immediately following the Unit Owners Association meeting and no further notice shall be necessary to the newly elected members of the Board of Directors. Such meeting shall occur within thirty (30) days.

Section 9. Regular Meetings. Regular meetings of the elected Board of Directors may be held at such time and place as shall be determined from time to time by a majority of the directors, but at least once a quarter. Notice of regular meetings of the Board of Directors shall be given to each director personally, by mail, written notice or telegraph, at least three (3) business days prior to the day named for such meeting.

Section 10. Special Meetings. Special meetings of the Board of Directors may be called by the President on three (3) business days’ notice to each director, given personally, by mail, written notice or telegraph, which notice shall state the time, place and purpose of the meetings. Special meetings of the Board of Directors shall be called by the President or Secretary in like manner and on like notice on the written request of at least two directors.

Section 11. Waiver of Notice. Any director may, at any time, in writing, waive notice of any meeting of the Board of Directors, and such waiver shall be deemed equivalent to the giving of such notice. Attendance by a director at any meeting of the Board of Directors shall constitute a waiver of notice by him of the time and place of such meeting. If all directors are present at any meeting of the Board of Directors, no notice shall be required and any business may be transacted at such meeting.

Section 12. Fidelity Bonds. The Board of Directors shall require adequate fidelity bonds for all officers and employees of the Condominium handling or responsible for Condominium funds. The premium of such bonds shall constitute a Common Expense.

Section 13. Compensation. No director shall receive any compensation from the Condominium for exercising his duties and obligations as a director.

Section 14. Conduct of Meetings. The President shall preside over all meetings of the Board of Directors and the Secretary shall keep a Minute Book of the Board of Directors, recording therein all resolutions adopted by the Board of Directors and a record of all transactions and proceedings occurring at such meetings. Robert’s Rules of Order (latest edition) shall govern the conduct of the meetings of the Board of Directors when not in conflict with the Declaration, these Bylaws or the Condominium Act.

Section 15. Action Without Meeting. Any action by the Board of Directors required or permitted to be taken at any meeting may be taken without a meeting if all of the members of the Board of Directors shall individually or collectively consent in writing to such action. Such written consent or consents shall be filed with the minutes of the proceedings of the Board of Directors.

Section 16. Quorum of Board of Directors. At all meetings of the Board of Directors a majority of the directors shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business, and the votes of a majority of the directors present at a meeting at which a quorum is present shall constitute the decision of the Board of Directors. If at any meeting of the Board of Directors there shall be less than a quorum present, a majority of those present may adjourn the meeting from time to time. At any such adjourned meeting at which a quorum is present, any business which might have been transacted at the meeting originally called may be transacted without further notice.

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